The harvest is harvested and processed, the highest quality fruits are stored, and aromatic jams are made from berries. It would seem, well, what else? The work is finished and you can afford to take some rest. But, alas, it is too early to rest, because the last autumn work in the garden needs to be completed.
Pruning fruit trees in autumn
After leaf fall, when the temperature drops to + 5 + 7 degrees, you can start pruning fruit trees. We wrote in detail about pruning in this article, it describes all the nuances and features.
In the fall, all dry, diseased and weak branches should be cut out in the trees. Remove shoots with signs of disease and growing inward.
Why can’t this procedure be postponed until spring? Because pests prefer to settle in weakened branches, and infections develop exactly where the process of decay has already begun.
General cleaning of the garden
After harvesting, a lot of carrion remains in the garden – fruits that have fallen to the ground. Most often, it is not overripe fruits that fall, but sick ones or those affected by diseases and pests. If left to rot under the trees as they are, then in the next season, an infection or pest infestation can affect the entire garden. Therefore, it is better to collect all the carrion and put it in a compost heap.
In addition to the carrion in the garden, you need to remove all the leaves and grass cuttings. Many pests hibernate well under a blanket of lasting plant debris and it is better not to create an ideal place for them to sleep in winter.
Whitewashing of boles
You may be surprised, but you need to whitewash the trunks of fruit trees before winter. This procedure is not cosmetic, although of course trees in white stockings look very neat. Whitewashing has a completely different purpose – we need to protect the stems from frost damage and sunburn. In February-March, the sun shines very brightly, and a layer of lime will protect the trunks from burning.
There are a lot of compositions for whitewashing trees now, there are even ready-made mixtures that are sold in garden stores. If there is no such store at hand, then simply dilute the lime to the consistency of sour cream, clean the trunk of lichen, exfoliating particles and whiten it well, filling in all cracks and irregularities.
Shelter for heat-loving plants
As soon as the temperature drops to 0 degrees, you need to prepare for the shelter of large-leaved hydrangeas. These gorgeous beauties have one drawback – at -5-10 degrees, their flower buds freeze, which means that you can not wait for flowering next year. Prepare everything for their warming in advance so as not to be left without beauty next season.
Shelter for the rest of the heat-loving plants is carried out with a decrease in temperature indicators to -10-15 degrees.
Moisture-charging irrigation – for better wintering
If the weather is dry and warm, then in autumn you need to shed all the fruit trees and berry bushes abundantly. It seems to us that a warm autumn is good, and it is more pleasant to work, and a lot of gardening work can be completed under the gentle sun. But the plants right now need to stock up on moisture for wintering and our task is to provide them with watering.
At least 2-3 buckets of water are poured under adult fruit trees. Under berry bushes: raspberries, currants, gooseberries, just pour over a bucket.
Rodent protection in winter
Rodents in the garden in winter are a real disaster. Mice and hares gnaw bark, eat roots and young twigs. For a tree, the consequences can be fatal, because the bark peeled off over a large area will not quickly grow back and it will be very difficult to heal this wound.
To prevent the invasion of gnawing animals, you need to protect the bole – install a protective mesh, wrap it with spruce branches or roofing felt. Whitewashing also serves as a kind of repeller – the lime layer is bitter and often it stops hares and mice from tasting the bark on your apple or pear.
Pungent odors will also help scare away rodents from trees, for example, you can soak rags with tar and spread it near the plantings.
In winter, when the snow falls, it is recommended to periodically walk around the garden and trample the snow in the near-trunk circles in order to bring down the mouse passages and burrows.
Now, until the frost is frowning, you can plant new varieties and update your orchard. The roots of seedlings grow up to +4 degrees in the soil, which means that the plant grows and develops even after the leaves fall. You will find a large selection of apple trees, pears, peaches, apricots, nuts right under this article. Choose what you like and plant while the weather permits!
Article author: Oksana Artemenko