The unpretentious thuja can be planted in the ground at any time – in spring and autumn. This largely depends on the local climate. If you plant a tree in August-September, at least 2.5 months should pass before severe cold snaps, during which the seedling will get strong enough.
Suitable place for planting thuja
Take seriously the choice of a site for planting a crop. Direct sunlight can harm the plant, so the area should be slightly shaded. But a thick shadow will not suit him either – the tree will lose part of its decorative effect: the crown will not be bright and lush, growth will slow down. Also, the culture does not like drafts and strong winds.
Find a lighted area protected from the prevailing winds. Closely located groundwater is not scary. What kind of soil does Thuja need? Almost all types of soils are suitable for it:
- sandy loam.
The main thing is that the plant has enough moisture. But her stagnation near the very roots can be disastrous for him. If the soil is too heavy and damp on the site, it is necessary to pour 20 cm of drainage (broken brick or pebbles) on the bottom of the planting hole. The most beautiful specimens grow on fertile loose soil, consisting of sod land, peat and sand. Sandy loam soils and loams are enriched by the introduction of fertilizers.
Planting thuja in the ground
Estimate the size of the root system of the purchased seedling. The planting hole should be 30 cm deeper than the length of the roots, and 40 cm wider than the earthen coma. The distance between individual plants depends on the crop variety. For tall and wide varieties, it ranges from one and a half meters to 1.7. 1.5 m is enough wide and low.If the plans are to create an alley, the trees are located at a distance of 2-4 m.
- Dig a hole according to the size of the seedling.
- Place at the bottom near a bucket of humus or compost. Do not use fresh, insufficiently rotted manure. You can apply mineral fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium in the composition.
- Place drainage on the bottom of the pit, if necessary.
- Gently transfer the seedling into the hole along with the earthy clod. When compacting carefully, cover it with soil.
After watering, the root zone must be mulched.
Tui are hygrophilous. With a lack of moisture, the appearance and condition of the needles deteriorates. During dry periods, the plant needs watering. However, excessive moisture and feeding stimulate active growth, which can adversely affect the shape and condition of the tree. Therefore, everything should be in moderation.
In the spring, the plant needs to be formed – dead and dry, as well as too long branches that violate the contour of the crown are removed.
In autumn, in anticipation of cold weather, the branches of the bushes are tied. In addition, young plants are additionally insulated with the help of specially equipped shelters.
At the very beginning of spring, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is carried out. In the middle of summer, potash and phosphorus minerals are added.
At the beginning of the new season, before the buds appear, the plants are treated with karbofos. This provides them with effective protection against false shields and thuja aphids.
Two to three years after planting, summer pruning begins to help the culture get rid of old, sick and unnecessary shoots. Without spending nutrients on them, the plant saves strength for the coming cold weather.
The next year after planting, a slight adjustment of the crown is allowed.
Shelter for the winter
Young thujas need special care in winter. The main thing that you must do before the onset of cold weather is to cover your ephedra from snow and sunburn.
Plain gauze is considered the best material for covering thuja. You can also use burlap or craft paper. Fans of agrofibre should be warned that this material will not protect your plant from the sun. Even if the packaging says otherwise.
The soil around the seedling must be mulched before the shelter.
It is better to tie the plant with a rope. This can be done before hiding or after – already on top of the gauze.
Review of popular varieties of tui
Thuja western Rheingold
The dense young shrub has a spherical crown. As the culture grows and matures, it becomes more elongated. The plant owes its popularity to its original color. In early spring, the delicate lush needles have an elegant golden hue. Over time, it darkens, and closer to autumn, the crown acquires a deep bronze color. Such a spectacular look explains the high demand for this variety.
Thuja western Danica
Amazing Danica dwarf bushes resemble bright green balls and are perfect as a decoration for small gardens, flower beds, alpine hills. The plant loves the sun, moist soil and is highly frost-resistant.
Thuja western Smaragd
The cone-shaped thuja grows up to 6 m and is used most often as a hedge or in park compositions. The plant gets along well both in partial shade and under the sun. The main feature of thuja Smaragd is that the plant retains its bright color by winter.
Thuja eastern Pyramidalis Aurea
The plant is a slender beautiful tree with light golden-green needles. This amazing shade does not change throughout the year. The slender culture is adorned with a beautiful pyramidal crown. This plant is long-lived and has excellent winter hardiness. Looks great in hedges.
Thuja folded Zebrina
Unusual variegated variety of folded thuja. The green needles of this plant are decorated with transverse yellow stripes. A slender tree can grow up to 3 m. In young plants, the crown looks somewhat loose, but with age it becomes noticeably denser. In winter, the texture and color of the needles remain unchanged.