Not everyone succeeds in ennobling a personal garden plot in a short time. This is hindered by perennial, difficult-to-remove weeds. Dandelions stand out for their ability to maintain seed germination under extreme conditions. Before starting work on the destruction of pests of the beds, you need to get as much information as possible on how to get rid of dandelions on the site forever.
General information about weeds
Pleasing to the eye, the blossoming yellow flowers have a powerful, long root. Thanks to its developed root system, the culture is able to withstand the hardships of climate change. A fragile long root is rarely completely removed. From the part remaining in the soil, a new young plant will grow in speed. This weed plant grows in any conditions.
Dandelion has no special requirements for:
- the qualitative composition of the soil;
- climatic conditions;
- brightness of lighting.
The plant has carved oblong leaves, a hollow tubular stem, inside of which a milky sap flows, often causing allergies. At the top of the stem is a dense flower bowl with a bright yellow fireball. In the process of seed ripening, they turn into light-winged aircraft, carried by wind currents over short and long distances. Just one flower sends at least 250 flying seeds in flight, which hatch when they enter a humid environment.
With the onset of warm days, if you do not start a timely fight against this beautifully flowering weed plant, seeds are formed that are scattered over the entire usable area of the site. How to get rid of dandelions on the site is a question that often baffles even experienced farmers.
Knowing how to get rid of dandelions will help keep the area clean and prevent the development of allergic reactions in people working on the ground.
The harm and benefits of dandelions for the site
The harm from the presence of dandelions on land is unhealthy competition for moisture and nutrients with crops. Such a struggle leads to a decrease in productivity, a deterioration in the decorative properties of crops planted by gardeners. During the period of blooming flowers and the ingress of pollen into the air, the risk of developing unwanted allergic reactions in people working on land with an abundance of dandelions increases.
Much more, this plant can provide benefits:
- helps to attract earthworms to the site;
- is a melliferous plant that attracts insects that pollinate the flowers of fruit crops;
- refers to green manure plants that enhance aeration, saturation of soil humates;
- releases substances into the soil that have a detrimental effect on pathogenic microflora;
- in greenhouses, it is a source of ethylene vapors, which accelerate the maturation of nightshades.
How to get rid of dandelions quickly?
Fighting infested dandelions requires some knowledge and skill. It is difficult to remove the long, strong root shaft completely by hand. There are several options for getting rid of dandelions in the country. The easiest way is to remove it manually, but this does not guarantee one hundred percent destruction of a tenacious plant. To defeat the dandelion, how to get rid of its plantings in the garden, methods of destructive influence have been developed.
The mechanical method is nothing more than weeding or mowing the hated weed. Mowing is carried out in the immediate vicinity of the base of the stem several times a week. This procedure weakens the forces, leading to the gradual death of the plant. The weeding difference exists only in the tools that are used in the process of removing the crop from the garden.
Among the devices for removing a dandelion with a root are used:
- hoes with various shapes and sizes of the working surface;
- flat cutters;
- a cultivator in the form of a corkscrew;
- fork-shaped root rod extractors;
- shovels with a narrowed blade.
When the amount of a weed plant is small, the painstaking work of removing it will bear fruit. After successful extraction of the rhizome, it is advisable to mulch the remaining hole, cover it with black agrofibre, this will reduce the risk of re-emergence of the weed in this place. The optimal time for mechanical action is the stage of budding and flowering, when the regenerative capacity of the plant is reduced.
Use of chemicals
A large contamination of the site with weeds is a reason for the use of chemicals to destroy unwanted grass growth. Removing dandelions using this method requires less effort and less time.
Compared to mechanical methods, this differs can cause soil contamination with chemicals.
It is recommended to treat dandelion, which is a perennial, with systemic herbicides that can destroy ground and underground parts of the plant. When dandelions grow in close proximity to cultural plantings, it is unacceptable to use continuous means.
The optimal choice is the selective action of herbicides:
- Tatrel – 300;
Processing is carried out on a dandelion leaf, these preparations are aimed at destroying the root shaft of the plant. The air temperature during processing should be between 5 and 25 degrees Celsius. Whether or not to use chemicals on your site is an individual decision of the gardener. It should be noted that herbicides have the ability to accumulate in the soil layers.
When the use of chemicals, mechanical means of removing weeds is unacceptable, they resort to folk methods of struggle. Craftsman recipes are less aggressive towards the environment with sufficient efficiency in killing dandelions.
Among the methods of influence, according to folk recipes, it is worth highlighting:
- treatment with acetic acid, by irrigating foliage;
- adding salt to a freshly cut stem;
- treatment of the stem and rhizomes with boiling water;
- irrigation of shoots with an alcohol solution in a ratio of 1:10;
- sprinkling the soil with corn gluten flour;
- spraying leaves with hydrochloric acid.
Some methods require caution and adherence to personal safety rules. It is not recommended to abuse salt powder, vinegar irrigation. These procedures are capable of disrupting the qualitative composition of the soil mixture, changing the acid balance of the soil.
Features of the fight against dandelions on the lawn
Removing dandelions on the lawn mechanically is carried out by digging in the root or using special tools. If part of the rhizome is retained in the soil, the plant revives due to its ability to quickly regenerate.
For high-quality removal of the root of the rhizome, it is advisable to use specialized root removers:
- “Gardena 03517”;
- Grinda 8;
- Smart Fit Fiskars.
The resulting excavation procedure must be sown with lawn grass seeds to level the overall lawn bed. It is advisable to use chemical preparations in the autumn. For this, the lawn is not mowed for 7-8 days, after which the selected preparation is applied to the leaves.
Apply herbicides pointwise using a brush or sponge. After a week, when the substance leads to the death of the weed, lawn grass seeds are sown in its place. You can use the above-described folk methods under conditions of a point effect on dandelions without affecting the lawn grass.
Errors made by gardeners during weed control
The desire to quickly remove the hated yellow inflorescences leads to mistakes that complicate the fight against weeds.
List of major wrong actions:
- cutting off the aerial part – causes its rapid re-building;
- untimely weeding of the site;
- late mowing of the lawn;
- incomplete removal of inflorescences after mowing or removing weeds.
Preventive measures aimed at preventing the germination and spread of flowering weeds will help to get rid of dandelions.
The cleanliness of the site depends on:
- timely mowing and removal of cut grass;
- preventing the formation of bald patches on the surface of the lawn;
- the use of mulching in non-planted areas;
- regularity of weeding.
The scheme for removing dandelions from the site
It is possible to destroy dandelions in a personal plot or lawn if you follow the pattern of multidirectional actions aimed at maintaining the cleanliness of the plantings. This will take a certain amount of time.
Instructions by day
1. The first day – treatment with the selected selective herbicide, avoiding contact with cultivated plantations.
2. The third day – control of the condition of the treated weeds, if necessary, carrying out a second procedure.
3. Seventh day – extraction of dead roots using a cultivator or root remover.
4. Eighth day – laying in the formed holes of the soil mixture based on soil with the addition of high-moor peat.
After ten – fourteen days on the lawn in places of bald patches, you can sow lawn grass.
It is impossible to get rid of weeds on the site forever. Periodically, through the winds, weed seeds will fly in. It is important to choose the best way to control weeds, to prevent them from spreading over large areas.
People who love nature, have a special vision of the most insignificant changes in the life of plants, are able to evenly distribute physical activity, and patiently do their work, work most successfully in vegetable growing.
All these qualities are possessed by Oleg Ivanovich Pomidorkin – an active person, a graduate, a true expert in his field. But the work of a vegetable grower, like any other work in agriculture, requires, in addition to knowledge of the specifics of growing and caring for plants, physical efforts.
It is necessary to be able to loosen the soil, weed plantings, add soil, work with fertilizers, prepare vegetable seeds for sowing. Then sow them with vegetable seeders or manually, lime the soil.
At present, Oleg Ivanovich applies the knowledge accumulated over 43 years of practical activity on his site, which he has been successfully engaged in for more than 10 years.