The peach has a long reputation as a whimsical and demanding southerner. He really loves the sun, and is picky about the environment (not compatible with many trees). But modern varieties withstand cold temperatures remarkably well and provide a rich harvest of sweet and juicy fruits. You just need to determine the place and land correctly.
Planting a peach: important conditions
Try to choose a planting site before purchasing a seedling. Take into account such criteria as lighting, the peculiarity of the soil on your site and its size.
Lighting and distance between trees
A peach needs an open, sunny area. The seedling’s need for light cannot be satisfied if mature trees with a lush crown grow nearby. They will cast a shadow over the seedling.
The distance between the seedlings should be about five meters. Try to keep the same distance between the rows of peach trees.
In addition to shade, a draft is also contraindicated for peach seedlings. Therefore, plant the plant in the most windless places or near fences and other buildings.
Feel free to plant a peach if your area has loamy soil or low acidity chernozem. These are the most suitable soils for growing it.
Also pay attention to the ground water table (GWL) in your area. Waterlogging of the roots is fatal for a peach. If the groundwater level is closer than three meters to the bottom of the planting pit, your seedling is doomed.
When to plant a peach
You can plant peaches in spring and autumn. If you prefer spring planting, then consider two factors: it’s time to prepare for it from the end of autumn; wait until the temperature stops jumping and stays around 5 ° C. If you prefer to plant in the fall, then do it at least a month before the onset of cold weather. The plant must take root before the frost hits.
How to plant a peach
Planting a peach goes like this:
- Dig up the soil in the place where the peach will grow and add ash, compost, manure or any other fertilizer available to you.
- Dig a hole 60×60 cm in size. Please note that the spring planting hole is prepared in the fall and filled with a substrate. The substrate should occupy more than half of the pit.
- The seedling is placed in a moistened planting hole and its roots are gently straightened before being covered with earth. Make sure not to immerse the root collar in the soil more than 3 cm. Install a special peg and fix the plant near it.
- Autumn planting requires one more manipulation with the tree – to cut the side branches, leaving only 3 on the tree, but the strongest ones. It is important to process the cut site correctly. Use a garden pitch for this.
- Water the seedling liberally after planting and mulch the soil.
- In the fall, it will not be superfluous to cover the tree bole with lime.
What trees does the peach not grow with
The trees in our gardens do not grow quite harmoniously – most of them are constantly struggling for light and moisture. Delicate peach is not able to compete with them on equal terms. Therefore, experienced gardeners try not to plant it on such trees:
- cherry and sweet cherry;
- Apple tree;
Not only neighbors are important for the development of the peach, but also the plants that grew in the area before it. He will surely feel the traces of strawberries, strawberries, peppers, eggplants, tomatoes and potatoes. They often leave behind infections that other trees deal with, and the peach dies before our eyes.
How to shelter for the winter
Although the new peach varieties withstand frost well, they can harm young plants. Therefore, you need to take care of their protection in winter:
- Dig up the soil around the plant and water it. It will be useful for peach roots.
- Use preparations (fugnicides, for example) to spray the seedling to prevent disease and pests.
- Cover the area under the crown of the peach tree with mulch (sawdust, for example).
- Wrap the trunk of a young tree with burlap, and the crown with agrofibre or craft paper.
Look for the best seedlings of fruit trees with high winter hardiness on the Becker store website. We have only high-quality planting material for your garden.
Author: Natalia Palamarchuk